The Center for Geospatial Information Science (CGIS) at the University of Maryland is pleased to announce the launch of a Master of Professional Studies in Geospatial Intelligence (MPS GEOINT). The Geospatial Intelligence program provides workforce-focused technical training that gives graduates the skills and expertise to lead new initiatives in the rapidly shifting landscape of GEOINT applications, data collection systems, analytic methods, and mission support.
A new integrated computational model reduces uncertainty in climate predictions by bridging Earth systems with energy and economic models and large-scale human impact data. Led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), a large interdisciplinary team of scientists from multiple institutions, including the University of Maryland, developed the integrated Earth Systems Model, or iESM.
Could cellulosic biofuels – or liquid energy derived from grasses and wood – become a green fuel of the future, providing an environmentally sustainable way of meeting energy needs? Scientists from several institutions, including the University of Maryland, say yes, but with a few important caveats.
A research team at the U.S. Department of Energy-funded Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) spent the past ten years studying the potential impact of cellulosic biofuels.
Worldwide, more and more countries are strategically investing to extend their natural resource base beyond their borders, frequently into developing countries. New research from the University of Maryland (UMD) finds this global trend could put already-vulnerable populations at higher risk for undernourishment and food insecurity.
College Park, Md.—New research led by the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Geographical Sciences employs satellite image time series to better understand the dynamics of forest cover loss in the Brazilian Amazon. While rates of deforestation in the country have slowed significantly over the last decade, Brazil remains the single largest contributor to natural forest loss among tropical countries.
Researchers Katharina Brinck, Rico Fischer, Jürgen Groeneveld, Sebastian Lehmann, Mateus Dantas De Paula, Sandro Pütz, Joseph O. Sexton, Danxia Song & Andreas Huth recently published their article titled "High resolution analysis of tropical forest fragmentation and its impact on the global carbon cycle" in the esteemed Nature Communications. This recent publication describes how deforestation in the tropics is not only responsible for direct carbon emissions but also extends the forest edge wherein trees suffer increased mortality.
The framing of a new research agenda initiated by Dept. Chair, Chris Justice has been published by the Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future as part of their report series. According to the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (Statistics Division 2016), a relatively small area of the world, 23 percent of total cropland, accounts for a large proportion of total global cereal production, with most of the area devoted to three major cereal crops: maize (70.3 percent), wheat (69.3 percent), and rice (84.5 percent).
COLLEGE PARK, Md.—For more than a decade, scientists have debated what’s known as the “green up” phenomenon in the Amazon rainforest—when vegetation appears to thrive and grow fuller during the dry season with little or no rainfall. While some researchers have supported hypotheses that drought-induced growth does occur in the Amazon, others have argued it is more likely an optical illusion created by shadows cast from satellite positioning.
Geographers Hubacek and Feng contributed to a new position paper by an international team of distinguished scientists, including five members of the National Academies, which argues that there are critical two-way feedbacks missing from current climate models that are used to inform environmental, climate, and economic policies. The most important inadequately-modeled variables are inequality, consumption, and population.